Maintaining a Healthy Body
Visiting your doctor is important. Knowing what to ask and what tests to have is also important. Taking care of your health includes getting tests that can help find diseases early. Both men and women need to visit their doctor regularly. You should see a doctor at least once a year so that important tests can be done.
It’s very important to keep track of your numbers for blood pressure, cholesterol, and body mass index (BMI). They can help tell how healthy you are. They can also show if you are at risk for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and more.
|National Institute on Aging – “Talking with your Doctor – A Guide for Older People”|
Health Screening Guidelines
Below is a list of some common tests you need to stay on track for good health.
- Women 40 and older should have a mammogram every one to two years to check for breast cancer. A baseline mammogram should be done between 35-40 and annually starting at age 40.
- Men should have routine checks for testicular and prostate cancer.
- Everyone should be checked for skin cancer regularly.
- Everyone over 50 should have routine check-ups for colon cancer.
- Everyone 65 and older should have a glaucoma test at least once in two years.
- Women 65 and older should have a bone density test to check for osteoporosis.
- If you are a diabetic, it’s important to have your blood sugar, kidneys, and eyes checked on a regular basis.
You should get a flu shot every year. This will protect you from getting very sick and help keep you out of the hospital. The best time to get a flu shot is October or November.
Pneumonia can make you very sick. It can lead to serious health problems. Everyone over the age of 65 should get a pneumonia vaccine (shot) every 10 to 15 years. The shot can be given at any time during the year.