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Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure and blindness in adults. Thousands of people have lost their feet or legs due to diabetes. The good news is that diabetes can be controlled. If you have diabetes, the most important thing you can do is control your blood sugar level.
Here are four steps to help you stay in charge of your diabetes:
Eat Healthy. Try to eat foods that are low in fat, salt, sugar, and high in fiber. This will help you stay at a desirable weight, keep your blood sugar in a good range, and prevent other diseases.
Exercise. Any kind of activity is good, even house cleaning and gardening. Try to exercise at least three times a week for 30 to 45 minutes.
Take your diabetes medicine every day. Take as much as your provider advises, and do not stop taking the medicine. If you feel sick after you take the medicine, tell your doctor.
Remember. If you take pills, they do not lower blood sugar alone; keep eating healthy foods and stay active.
You should have the following important screening tests done every year and know your results:
- Hemoglobin A1C – should be below 7%
- Retinal Eye Exam
- LDL-C Cholesterol – should be below 100 mg/dL
- Blood Pressure – should be less than 140/80 mmHg
- Nephropathy check (This is a urine test to measure protein in your urine. Too much protein may be a sign of kidney disease.)
Learn more about diabetes:
- Diabetes FAQs
- The ABCs of Diabetes
- Diabetes Checkbook
Healthfirst Diabetes Brochure (English / Español English / 中文)
The Healthfirst diabetes brochure provides educational information on nutrition, exercise and other activities for people with diabetes to live longer and healthier lives.
The Diabetes Risk Test asks users to answer simple questions about weight, age, family history and other potential risk factors for pre-diabetes or type 2 diabetes.
Healthfirst Healthy Living Plate Planners
A plate format can be used to help you manage how you eat. It helps you see how much space each food should take on a plate.
- Using a plate format will help you spread carbohydrate throughout the day, which will help keep your blood sugar level from going way up and way down.
- A plate format is an easy and simple way to plan meals.
- It can be used along with other meal-planning methods.
Diabetes Member Newsletters:
- 2012 Spring Medicare Diabetes Newsletter: (English Español 中文)
- 2012 Spring CHPlus, FHPlus, and Medicaid Diabetes Newsletter: (English Español)
Diabetes Support Group Resources
- NYC Health and Hospitals Corporation
- Diabetes Resources Coalition of Long Island
- American Diabetes Association
- New York Methodist Hospital
- Mount Sinai/Beth Israel
- Montefiore Medical Center
- Winthrop University Hospital (for children)
- North Shore LIJ